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Comparison of Prevalence of Fatigue in Adult Diabetic Mellitus Patients with Healthy Population in Shiraz 2010


1 Community Medicine, Shiraz University of medical sciences, member of Neurosciences research center, member of Research center for psychiatry and behavioral sciences, Shiraz University of Medi-cal Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
2 Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
3 Family Medicine position, Shiraz, Iran
*Corresponding Author: Negin Hadi, Department of Community Medicine, Shiraz Medical School, Zand Avenue, Shiraz, Iran, Tel.: +98-7112354431, E-mail: [email protected].
Shiraz E-Medical Journal. 13(3): 94-101.
Article Type: Research Article; Received: Dec 30, 2011; Accepted: Jun 15, 2012; epub: Jul 1, 2012;

Abstract


Background: Diabetes mellitus refers to a group of common metabolic disorders that share phenotype of hyperglycemia. Fatigue is one of complains of diabetic patients. Due to lack of available documents in the prevalence of fatigue in Iran, we decided to study prevalence of this problem in our diabetic patients and compare with normal population

Materials and Methods: This is a cross-sectional study that was done in Shiraz city (in south of Iran).Sample included 400 patients diagnosed with diabetes referred to Nader-kazemi diabetes health center and 400 healthy controls among patient’s attendance and health center staff, were matched in age and gender with patient group. Data was col-lected by using Iowa Fatigue Scale (IFS) questionnaire. This questionnaire consisted of 2 parts. Second part included 11 questions that evaluated level of fatigue. Its validity and reliability was confirmed. Data was analyzed by SPSS 15 by chi-square test and p< 0.05 was considered as significant level.

Results: 223 (55.75%) patients reported fatigue and 96 (24%) had sever fatigue. Also in control group 94 (23.5%) persons had fatigue and 23 (5.75%) had sever fatigue and difference between two groups was statistically significant. Some demographic factors such as age, duration of disease and education had a significant linear relationship with fatigue.

Conclusions: Considering the severity of fatigue among diabetic patients and its relation with older age, higher educational level and duration of disease further recommended interventions specially in this group of patients with serious matters such as the use of better therapies, social work and rehabilitation, providing more facilities for assistance and treatment, mental health and … comes to action.

Keywords: Fatigue; Diabetes; Prevalence; Shiraz city